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  You are here: Home » Shop » Korean Terminology

Korean Terminology

by Salah Hussini

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Command Terms

Chul Sa
Line Up

Cha Rutt 
Attention

Kyung Yet    
Bow

An Jo    
Sit Down

Mook Yum    
Meditate

E La Sutt    
Stand Up

Choon Bee    
Ready Position

Say Jak    
Begin

Par Row  
Return to Ready Position

Shee Yoe    
Rest

Go Mon    
Stop

Ee Dee Wha    
Come Here

Balee Balee    
Hurry

Ko Yo Han    
Quiet

Doe Rha    
Turn

Dee Row Doe Rha
Turn 180 Degrees

Pon Tay    
Reverse


Salutations

Nha        
Yes

Ahn Nee Yoe   
No

Con Sa Hom Nee Dha   
Thank You For Teaching Us

Mee On Hom Nee Dha    
I am Sorry

Co Mop Sim Nee Dha   
Thank You

Chun Mun A Yoe      
You Are Welcome

Ya Boe Say Yo    
Hello

" Ahn Young Ha Sim Nee Kah" or  
" Ahn Young Ha Say Yo"     
Good morning, good afternoon, good evening, how are you?
How do you do? (You may use these two salutations at anytime of the day or as a reply to the same greeting).

Ahn Young Hee Kay Say Yo  
Stay in peace

Ahn Young Hee Kah Say Yo  
Go in peace
 
Names and Titles

Dan     
Degree (Black Belt)

Yu Dan Cha     
Holder Of Degree (Black Belt) Rank
 
Gup        
Grade (Rank Below Black Belt)

Yu Gup Cha    
Holder Of Gup Rank

Jeja     
Student

Nim    
Term of respect "honorable"

Sa Bum Nim     
Instructor

Kwan Jung Nim     
Director of a Martial Arts School, Style or Organization.

Kuk Sa Nim       
Grand Master (National Martial Arts Teacher)
 
Schools and Styles

Dojang   
School ("Training Hall", also "School where the Way is taught")
 
Kwan   
School (Gymnasium)
 
Moo Do (also "Mu Do")   
Martial Arts ("Way of the Martial Arts")
 
Moo Sul (also "Mu Sool")   
Martial Technique
 
Chang-Hun   
Blue Cottage
 
Tae Kwon Do   
Foot, Fist, Way Of
 
Tae Soo Do   
Foot, Hand, Way Of
 
Tang Soo Do   
China, Hand, Way Of
 
Hap Ki Do   
Harmony, Inner Power, Way Of
 
Kong Soo Do   
Empty Hand, Way Of (Karate)
 
Shim Soo Do   
Mind, Hand, Way Of
 
Koong Shi Do   
Bow, Arrow, Way Of
 
Koong Do   
Archery (Bow, Way Of)
 
Koong Sul   
Archery Techniques
 
Sado Mu Do   
Tribal (Village) Martial Arts
 
Buldo Mu Do   
Buddhist Martial Arts
 
Koong Jong Mu Do   
Royal Palace Martial Arts
 
Kwon Bup   
Fist Method
 
Yu Sool   
Throwing Techniques
 
Soo Bak Gi   
Hand Striking Techniques
 
Soo Bak Do   
Hand Striking, Way Of
 
Oh Do Kwan   
My Way, School Of
 
Moo Duk Kwan   
Martial Virtue, School Of
 
Chung Do Kwan   
Blue Wave, School Of
 
Shim Duk Kwan   
Virtuous Mind, School Of
 
 
Hand Parts
 
Son (also, "Soo")   
Hand
 
Son Kal   
Knife Hand
 
Son Kal Dung   
Reverse Knife Hand
 
Kwon   
Fist (To Smash Or Destroy With Fist)
 
Ju Mok   
Fist
 
Ap Ju Mok   
Forefist
 
Dung Ju Mok   
Back Fist
 
Yup Ju Mok   
Side Fist (Hammer Fist)
 
Ter Ri Kee   
Strike
 
Chirigee   
Punch
 
Pon Tay Chirigee   
Reverse Punch
 
Makee   
Block
 
Pal Moke Makee   
Outer Forearm Block
 
An Pal Moke Makee   
Inner Forearm Block
 
Huke Yo Pal Moke Makee   
Rising Outer Forearm Block
 
Stances
 
So Gee   
Stance
 
Moa So Gee   
Close Stance
 
Naranee So Gee   
Parallel Stance
 
Naranee Choon Bee So Gee   
Parallel Ready Stance
 
Gunnun So Gee   
Walking Stance
 
Ap So Gee   
Front Stance
 
Niunja So Gee   
L-Stance
 
Foo Gul So Gee   
Back Stance
 
Dwit Bal So Gee   
Rear Foot Stance
 
Kee Ma So Gee   
Sitting Stance
 
Sanun So Gee   
Diagonal Stance
 
Nachuo So Gee   
Low Stance
 
Kyocha So Gee   
X-Stance
 
Ko Chung So Gee   
Fixed Stance
 
Soo Jik So Gee   
Vertical Stance
 
Waebal So Gee   
One-Leg Stance
 
Guburyo So Gee   
Bending Stance
 
 
Kicking Techniques
 
Cha Gee   
Kick
 
Ap Cha Gee   
Front Kick
 
Yup Cha Gee   
Side Kick
 
Tollyo Cha Gee   
Turning Kick
 
Pon Tay Tollyo Cha Gee   
Reverse Turning Kick
 
Bandal Cha Gee   
Crescent Kick
 
Dwee Cha Gee   
Back Kick
 
Naeryo Cha Gee   
Downward Kick
 
Golcho Cha Gee   
Hooking Kick
 
Bitro Cha Gee   
Twisting Kick
 

Types Of Techniques
 
Sul (also "Sool")   
Technique
 
Kwan Jyel Sul   
Joint Manipulation Technique
 
Hyel Do Sul   
Vital Point Techniques
 
Ki Bon Sul   
Basic Techniques
 
Too Sul   
Throwing Techniques
 
Nak Sul   
Falling Techniques
 
Chil Sik Sul   
Choking Techniques
 
Shim Gong Sul   
Mind Training Techniques
 
Ho Shin Sul   
Self-Defense Techniques
 
Sin-Chong (also "Sin-Ch'ong)   
Application
 
Sul Sin-Chong   
Technique Application
 
Dare Ee On   
Sparring
 
Ilbo Dare Ee On   
One-Step Sparring
 
Eebo Dare Ee On   
Two-Step Sparring
 
Sambo Dare Ee On   
Three-Step Sparring
 
Cha U Dare Ee On   
Free Sparring
 
Pang Wi (also Pang Wee)   
Defense Against
 
Tong Hyel   
Pressure Point Which Induces Pain
 
Ma Hyel   
Pressure Point Which Induces Paralysis
 
Sa Hyel   
Lethal Pressure Points
 
 
Basic Terms
 
Doe Boke   
Uniform
 
Dhee   
Belt
 
Kuk Ki   
National Flag
 
Won Ki   
Association Flag
 
Ha Don   
Low Section
 
Choong Don   
Middle Section
 
Son Don   
High Section
 
Hyung   
Pattern (Form)
 
Poomse (also "Poom Say")   
Pattern (Form)
 
Tul   
Pattern (Form)
 
Sahn   
Twin
 
Hwa   
Blossom; Flower
 
Rang   
Youth; Young Gentleman
 
Yok Sa   
History
 
Young U
Korean Terminology
 
Chul Hak   
Philosophy
 
Yu   
Flowing Water (Theory)
 
Won   
Circle (Theory)
 
Wha   
Harmony, Togetherness (Theory)
 
Weapons
 

Mu Ki (also "Mu Kee")   
Weapons
 
Ji Pang E (also "Jee Pang E")   
Cane
 
Tahn Bong   
Short Stick
 
Jung Bong   
Middle Staff
 
Jang Bong   
Long Staff
 
Kal   
Knife
 
Tan Do   
Dagger
 
Gum (Kum)   
Sword
 
Ee Chul Bong   
Two-Section Stick (Nunchaku)
 
Tahn Do Li Ga   
Short Flail (Nunchaku)
 
Nat   
Sickle
 
Cha-Ru   
Handle (Tonfa)
 
Chang   
Spear
 
Boo Chai   
Fan
 
Pho Bak   
Rope
 

Numbers And Counting 
01  Hana     1st   Il 
02  Dool      2nd  Ee 
03  Set        3rd  Sam 
04  Net        4th  Sa 
05  Dasut     5th  Oh 
06  Yasut     6th  Yook 
07  Eel gop   7th  Chil 
08  Yuh dul   8th  Pal 
09  Ah hap    9th  Koo 
10  Yul        10th  Ship 

 

This article was published on Friday 29 January, 2010.
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